The herbaceous layer consists of culinary and medicinal herbs. The Herbaceous layer provides food, medicine, as well as provides habitat, food, and nectar sources for pollinators and beneficial insects. It works with the groundcover layer to reduce maintenance in the food forest.

Best plants for the herbaceous layer

  • Purple Sage
  • Sage
  • Rosemary
  • Lemon Balm
  • Salvia
  • Lavender
  • Dianthus Knappi
  • Teasel
  • Comfrey
  • Marsmallow
  • Sweet Cicely
  • Lovage
  • Catnip
  • Mullein
  • Bee Balm
  • Valerian
  • Angelica
  • Wild Bergamot
  • Echinacea
  • Verbena Bonariensis
  • Wormwood
  • Good King Henry
  • Elecampagne
  • Salad Burnett
  • Marshmallow
  • Lupine
  • Black Eyed Susan
  • Coreopsis
  • Phlox
  • Sweet Alyssum
  • Self Heal
  • Yarrow
  • Goldenrod
  • Milkweed
  • Vervain
  • Black Cohosh

All these perennial herbs work together with groundcovers.
Check out the link on groundcovers here.

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